After Nazi Plunder, A Quest To Bring Home The ‘Woman In Gold’ : NPR

After Nazi Plunder, A Quest To Bring Home The ‘Woman In Gold’ : NPR

Because of the Alps, Austrian farms are small and isolated, making production relatively expensive. Austria emerged as a distinct political entity in 976 when Otto II gave the area to the Bavarian nobleman Leopold of Babenberg, largely to keep the Magyars at bay. Austria flourished culturally and economically under the three-hundred-year reign of the Babenberg dynasty, who built great fortresses and beautiful monasteries. The Danube became an important trade route, and Vienna was made the capital. The slightly reduced oxygen pressure in the aircraft is not a risk to mother and child. However, if you are aware of any limitations on the function of the placenta, you should not fly during your pregnancy.

Although it remains a neutral country, Austria is prepared to defend itself from attack with the Bundesheer , which has an air force but no navy. Main objectives until the 1990s were to deter outside forces from crossing Austria in military campaigns against surrounding nations by defending Austria’s “key zones” and “area security zones” . The Austrian security policy was restructured from 1993 to 1995, under the New Army Structure, which focuses on resolving border crises that might occur during instability in neighboring nations, resulting in an influx of refugees. Germany is Austria’s principal trading partner, with Austria importing crude oil, machinery and equipment, chemical and manufacturing products, pharmaceuticals, and some foods.

However, the concept of traditional roles, influenced by Roman Catholicism in Austria, is still prevalent within Austrian society. The museum’s temporary exhibitions shed light on feminist topics in the social, cultural, artistic, and architectural spheres, incorporating both regional and international perspectives. Past and current shows include Birth Culture, 100 Years of Women’s Suffrage, and Women in the Alps. All guided tours are led by women of different ages and social backgrounds. Of the women who do invest, those working in politics and law put the largest sums into their investments, investing an average €3,406 and €2,051 respectively per month. Broms is currently the General Manager of Leksands IF in the Swedish Women’s Hockey League and also worked one season as assistant coach for the Swedish women’s national team. Austria is home to Classic musicians such as Mozart and Beethoven, so it’s a must for any classical music lover.

Since the mid-1970s, the Austrian legislature has passed a number of measures aimed at equalizing the treatment of men and women in the workforce. However, most women are still paid less than men for doing the same type of job. The Women’s Omnibus Law, passed in 1993, provides for compensation for women who have been discriminated against in the workplace because of their gender or who have faced sexual harassment. The Equal Treatment Law of 1979 has continued to fight discrimination against women.

  • In addition to financial expenses, which the Austrian authorities saw as a burden, the problem of occupation children was linked to moral attitudes.
  • Tourism contributes a substantial portion to the economy, especially ski resorts in the Alps and cultural attractions in Vienna and Salzburg.
  • In Hollywood, Lamarr was introduced to a variety of quirky real-life characters, such as businessman and pilot Howard Hughes.
  • Children born of war–a decade of international and interdisciplinary research.
  • The largest cohorts were born in the 1950s and especially the 1960s.

Skiers and snowboarders will want to spend time in the Alps, and any Sound of Music lovers will immediately want to explore the hills and villages featured in the film. Geographically, Austria is north of Italy and Slovenia and slightly smaller than the state of Maine. The country’s strategic location in the center of Europe, makes travel to most other European countries easy for students. Bordered by the Alps in the west and gently sloping hills in the east, find more at Austria offers visitors beautiful and varied scenery around the country.

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Supreme Court in her quest to force the Austrian government to give back the painting of her aunt, Adele Bloch-Bauer, the Woman in Gold of the film title. The raw data supporting the conclusions of this article will be made available by the authors, without undue reservation. Signs on the city’s U-bahn intended to raise awareness of vulnerable passengers represent men and women equally. Similarly, she betrays an uncharacteristic trace of frustration at the suggestion that attempting to make women more safe by installing lighting absolves would-be attackers of responsibility. Lighting may not prevent sexual assault, she says, but it can alleviate women’s feelings of anxiety, improving their access to the city – and when they are faced with a potential threat, lighting improves their ability to assess the situation. There are Hannah Arendt Platz, Janis Joplin Promenade, Ada Lovelace Strasse, Madame d’Ora Park and more, chosen by 30 experts. As an official brochure setting out these women’s achievements puts it, “Aspern has a female face” – a small counter to traditional Vienna, where 3,750 streets are named after men.

What to Wear in Austria

You will hardly ever see an Austrian woman wearing a sequined dress to go out to buy milk or stiletto heels when she is walking her dog. At the same time, Austrian girls have a natural sense of style that they unleash on special occasions. Whenever you take your Austrian beauty for a night out, you can rest assured that she will be the best-dressed guest at any event. “Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (%)

During that time, the Habsburg family and the Roman Catholic Church were chief supporters of the arts. Austria is sometimes known as “the Land of Music.” Annual festivals throughout the country feature Austrian orchestras, choirs, and other groups. The best known is the Salzburg Summer Festival, founded in 1920. Austria is famous for its Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra and Vienna Boys’ Choir. Austria saw a boom in marriages from 1945 through the 1960s, a golden age for the economy. Today, however, fewer young people marry, more couples divorce, and more live together and raise children without marrying.

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Police and the law are respected, but since the 1980s some security personnel have been accused of improper conduct and excessive use of force. A variety of political beliefs are tolerated in Austria, and Vienna has long been a center of peace talks between foreign nations and a meeting place for international organizations such as the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries . As a result, violence and terrorist attacks have occasionally broken out against visiting members of nations in conflict, although involvement of the Austrian army and tough sentencing of terrorists by Austrian courts have curbed such incidents.

The works of early-twentieth-century novelists Franz Werfel and Franz Kafka are world famous. Well-known interwar novelists are Heimito von Doderer and Robert Musil. Thomas Bernhard and Peter Handke achieved fame in the late twentieth century. Each of the nine provinces has a provincial government that provides for enforcement of federal laws and policies, and sets laws regarding municipal affairs, education of young children, tourism, and other local matters. An older Austrian family lineage and inherited wealth are still symbols of respect in Austrian culture. Austrians whose families have lived in the country for several generations gain more acceptance than those who are recent immigrants.

Austrian architects created a distinctive national style, Austrian baroque, that featured irregular or undulating outlines, dynamic use of bold and delicate colors, and rich ornamentation. Have appeared throughout Europe’s history, including the Romanesque and Gothic styles, most notable in churches and monasteries, of the Middle Ages. Other important historical styles include Renaissance, rococo, historicism, and modern. Because of widespread public concern about immigrants, the government tightened immigration controls and strengthened its border patrol in the late 1990s. Austria’s geographical location at the crossroads of Europe determined its historical multiethnic makeup. In the late ninth century, Slavs and Magyars advanced westward along the Danube River valley and overran the area. They were defeated by the German king Otto I at the Battle of the Lech in 955.

No matter what you choose to do, the artistic city will captivate and amaze you with its enchanting beauty. Austria has a free and public school system which includes nine years of mandatory education mandated by the School Act of 1962. After students complete secondary school, they are free to continue their studies at a vocational-technical school or university. Was an Austrian artist and writer, as well as a well-known free-thinker and activist for gender and peace causes. She was born into the family of a wealthy restaurant operator and his second wife Maria and had twelve sisters and brothers.

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